Dislocated Hip / Coxofemoral Luxation

Dislocated Hip / Coxofemoral Luxation

What is a dislocated hip or coxofemoral luxation?

Coxofemoral luxation, or dislocation of the hip joint, occurs when the head of the femur displaces from the socket. This displacement disrupts the joint capsule that encapsulates the joint, as well as other supportive structures of the hip, including ligaments and cartilage. Additionally, your dog can partially dislocate the hip, a condition known as subluxation, often associated with hip dysplasia.

Learn more about Dislocated Hip/Coxofemoral luxation

Treatment of Dislocated Hip/Coxofemoral luxation

Rehabilitation is an essential part of your pet’s recovery after any surgical or non-surgical treatment. Initially, our goal is to reduce pain and swelling, relax tight muscles, and enhance weight bearing using modalities such as massage and passive stretches. Next, we focus on rebuilding the hip’s stabilizers through isometric exercises, progressing to concentric and eccentric strengthening exercises. The underwater treadmill serves as a valuable tool to promote weight-bearing through the affected limb during exercises and improve gait.

Vinny's Journey

Vinny underwent a failed total hip replacement as a puppy, followed by a femoral head and neck ostectomy. Despite rehabbing for six months at another practice in the Denver area without improvements and still not bearing weight on his leg, a veterinarian referred Vinny to us.

When I first met Vinny, I prioritized pain management heavily, diagnosing him with allodynia—a condition that causes heightened sensitivity to pain and normal touch following major surgeries like an FHO or hip replacement. Just two weeks into pain management and therapy at our practice, Vinny began bearing weight again. We restored him to full strength and weight-bearing capacity in his hindlimbs and then fitted him with braces for his ankles, as tarsal hyperextension is often a common secondary issue to hip problems.

The lesson from Vinny’s story is clear: controlling pain is essential before a dog can start walking on their leg again!

Achilles Injury, Coxofemoral luxation

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