Recommended Supplements for Your Pet

Recommended Supplements for Your Pet

We may recommend supplements to aid your pet’s recovery, overall health, and quality of life.  Below we have compiled a list of these supplements, how they work, how to give them, what their benefits are, and when they would not be appropriate to give your pet.  All of these supplements can be purchased here at Walking Paws. Feel free to ask us about any supplements at your next visit.

When adding supplements to your pet’s diet give at least one month to see the effects. When adding in supplements to your pet’s diet for the first time we recommend giving them a few days apart.

Fish Oil (EPA):

What does it do?

Fish oil is anti-inflammatory to the joints and will delay progression of osteoarthritis.

How does it work?

EPA fatty acids in fish oil prevent aggrecanases from breaking down cartilage. Dogs that are on fish oils are able to lower their NSAID dose by 25%. Canines process EPA fatty acids, unlike humans who process DHA so finding a fish oil that is high in EPA is recommended.

How do I give it to my pet?
A suggested brand is Welactin by Nutramax. Start at a 1/4 of the recommended dose and work up to the recommended dose over the period of a month to avoid GI upset. Some pets do not make it to the full dose given gastrointestinal upset. If this occurs only give your pet as much as tolerated.

Is this suitable for my pet?

As above, if gastrointestinal upset occurs, even with the minimum dose, discontinue use.  Fish oil also thins the blood slightly so it is not recommended for dogs with bleeding disorders and should be stopped before going in for any surgery.

Cosequin, Dasuquin, Dasuquin Advanced:

What does it do?

These supplements contain several ingredients that delay the progression of osteoarthritis. These ingredients work through several pathways that inhibit cartilage breakdown, provide antioxidant and anti-inflammatory benefits, and provide building blocks for healthy cartilage. Specific ingredients are outlined below.

How does it work?

Ingredients such as glucosamine, chondroitin, avocado/soybean oils, and manganese stimulate cartilage matrix production and inhibit cartilage breakdown in joints. This brand has a patent on the exact molecular weight of chondroitin shown to reach the joint. Ingredients such as green tea extract and alpha-lipoic acid provide antioxidant benefits. Boswellia and curcumin ingredients are natural anti-inflammatories. Methylsulfonylmethane (MSM) provides building blocks for healthy cartilage.

Cosequin contains glucosamine, chondroitin, methylsulfonylmethane (MSM), hyaluronic acid,  and manganese.

Dasuquin contains glucosamine, chondroitin, boswellia, avocado/soybean unsaponifiables (ASU) powder, and green tea extract (EGCG).

Dasuquin advanced contains glucosamine, chondroitin, methylsulfonylmethane (MSM), boswellia, curcumin, avocado/soybean unsaponifiables (ASU) powder, green tea extract (EGCG), alpha-lipoic acid (ALA), EPA, DHA, and manganese. It also has higher doses of most of these ingredients.

How do I give it to my pet?

We recommend choosing one of the three based on your dog’s specific needs.These supplements are a soft chew given once a day.  There is an initial loading period of 4-6 weeks before changing onto a maintenance dose.

Is this suitable for my pet?

These supplements are used with caution in dogs who have liver or kidney disease. Talk with your doctor about which supplement would be best for your pet.

Hyaflex

What does it do?

Hyaflex contains hyaluronic acid to restore synovial fluid (joint fluid), decrease inflammation, decrease pain, stimulate cartilage production, and inhibit cartilage degradation. This is often recommended for patients with arthritis.

How does it work?

Hyaluronic acid binds water and helps lubricate joints and muscles.  It is a natural component of synovial fluid. As pet’s age the body naturally produces less hyaluronic acid and the synovial fluid becomes thicker. Taking a hyaluronic acid supplement can help with this. The molecular weight of hyaluronic acid contained in Hyaflex has been shown to be able to enter joints when taken by mouth.

How do I give it to my pet?

This supplement is a liquid given once a day on top of food. It is odorless and tasteless.

Is this suitable for my pet?

Hyaluronic acid is generally well tolerated, but could still cause GI upset.

Duralactin

What does it do?

Duralactin is a milk protein that can help decrease chronic inflammation.

How does it work?

Duralactin is a microlactin (milk protein) derived from hyperimmunized cows. It has been shown to decrease inflammation in the joints by blocking inflammatory cytokines and inhibiting neutrophil participation. This supplement is often recommended for arthritic patients.

How do I give it to my pet?

Duralactin is taken twice a day as a chewable tablet. The dosage is based on your pet’s weight. This supplement can also be given with other anti-inflammatories such as NSAIDs.

Is this suitable for my pet?

This supplement should not be used in animals with allergies to milk protein. GI upset is possible with this supplement so discontinue use if that occurs.

Adequan

What does it do?

Adequan is an FDA approved joint protectant. It helps prevent cartilage breakdown, stimulate new cartilage growth, and has anti-inflammatory effects. It is recommended for patients with osteoarthritis and can be started at the first signs of arthritis.

How does it work?

Adequan is a glycosaminoglycan that stops the enzymatic breakdown of cartilage and inflammation in an arthritic joint by MMPs, nitric oxide, PGE2, aggrecanases. It has the ability to stimulate cartilage synthesis which can actually reverse some effects of arthritis. It also can increase hyaluronan concentration which will improve the lubrication effects of joint fluid.

How do I give it to my pet?

This is given by injection under the skin in the subcutaneous space. When giving this medication pull up the appropriate dose, change out the needle so that the needle is sterile, lift up on the skin, and inject under the skin being sure to pull back your syringe first to make sure you are not in a blood vessel. Generally it is given twice a week for 4 weeks, but your doctor may recommend a different protocol based on your pet’s needs. Follow the frequency of this medication as directed. Discontinue this medication one week prior to any surgery and one week afterwards.

Is this suitable for my pet?

Adequan slightly thins the blood so it should not be used in patients with bleeding disorders. It should be used with caution in dogs with kidney or liver disease. Side effects include pain at the site of injection, transient diarrhea, lethargy, and vomiting.

MYOS Canine Muscle Formula (Fortetropin) 

What does it do?

MYOS contains fortetropin and branched chain amino acids (BCAAs). Fortetropin helps prevent muscle breakdown and builds new muscle. BCAAs are building blocks for new muscle formation.

How does it work?

Fortetropin is derived from fertilized egg yolk membrane. Fortetropin has been shown to up-regulate the muscle building pathway and down-regulate the muscle destruction pathway (myostatin) which results in more lean muscle.  In one study dogs who were given fortetropin after a TPLO surgery, maintained their muscle mass and did not have increased myostatin levels compared to dogs who did not receive the supplement. BCAAs make up all of the protein in the body. This supplement specifically contains L-leucine, L-Isoleucine, and L-valine.

How do I give it to my pet?

MYOS is given as a powder over food once a day.

Is this suitable for my pet?

MYOS is a generally safe supplement. It could cause GI upset, so discontinue use if this occurs.

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